Pillars of Inclusive, Honest, Orderly, and Peaceful Elections (IHOPE)

A. CORE ELECTORAL PROCESS

1. ELECTORAL CLIMATE: MAINTAINING PUBLIC ORDER AND SAFETY

FACILITATING FACTORS:

  • Freedom to engage in political activity assured
  • Elections are certain to be held across the nation
  • Voters are free to cast votes
  • Local election commission and deputies can move freely
  • Voter rolls are assembled
  • Conflict flashpoints are identified and managed
  • Competition among parties representing same ethnic population moderated
  • Armed group attacks to discredit government anticipated and neutralized

2. Electoral Process Management – Logistics in Place On Time

FACILITATING FACTORS:

  • Capacity of election commission
  • Track record in holding credible elections
  • High level of training and competencies
  • Adequate resources for effective electoral management
  • Even distribution of resources across nation
  • Impartiality in dealing with political parties and candidates

3. Fair Officiating – Facilitating and Regulating

FACILITATING FACTORS

  • Independent electoral commission
  • Balanced composition
  • Good track record
  • Clear and fair election laws and guidelines
  • Clear mandate and strategic vision

4. Voters and Voting – Registration and Participation

FACILITATING FACTORS

  • Standardized definition of constituencies
  • Even distribution of voters
  • Clear rules and guidelines for reserved seats and additional ethnic minority seats
  • Systematic and facilitative registration of voters
  • Adequate and on-time provision of identity cards and voting paraphernalia

Q1. Did the results in election precincts, districts, and constituencies in the country genuinely reflect the popular vote in the elections?

Q2. Was the electoral process sufficiently managed and resourced to give every qualified voter a chance to register and freely vote, as well as identify with and support candidates and political parties in the elections?

Q3. Was the overall political campaign to disseminate information on programs of government and political issues well-distributed and given enough time and resources to complement the preparation and management of the electoral process in all the electoral precincts and regions of the country?

Q4. Did the use of campaign resources provide enough information on programs of government and political issues rather than the personal qualities of candidates or gimmicks, guns, goons, gold, and glitter?

Q5. Did political parties and candidates carry out their electoral campaigns without resort to practices and schemes to obtain undue advantages over competing parties and candidates through coercion and intimidation, vote-buying, bribing officials and media, vote-padding, and similar actions.

Q6. Did the electoral commission engage political parties and candidates in sufficient consultations and dialogs to explain the rules and guidelines and understand their concerns about the elections and respond to these in a manner that builds confidence in the election process?

Q7. Did the electoral commission officiating and regulating the conduct of the elections anticipate and manage all the critical and plausible risks of violence, disorderly processes, and irregularities in the elections and taken the time to manage these risks?

Q8. Did the monitoring and evaluation bodies freely and completely observe the overall electoral climate and the conditions

B. MASS MEDIA, ACADEME AND THINK TANKS

7. THE MASS MEDIA, ACADEME, THINK TANKS – INFORMATION FOR DECISION-MAKING

FACILITATING FACTORS:

  • Media freedom
  • Media training on election ethics
  • Media reporting on election issues, process, and results
  • Education content on election system and roles
  • Conduct of election surveys and comparative candidate and party evaluation

Q13. Did the electoral climate and conditions of public order and safety enable the mass media and think tanks to completely, freely, and fairly cover the elections?

Q14. Did the mass media and think tanks give equal access to candidates and political parties in bringing their programs of government and issues to the voters and the people?

Q15. Did the mass media and think tanks provide voters and the people easily understandable articles and stories about the comparative programs of government and related issues advocated by the political parties and candidates in the elections?

Q16. Did the mass media and think tanks generate and disseminate comprehensive, accurate, balanced, and responsive data and information to enable the voters to make intelligent electoral choices?

C. POLITICAL PARTIES AND CANDIDATES

8. POLITICAL PARTIES AND CANDIDATES – INCLUSIVENESS AND ENGAGEMENT

FACILITATING FACTORS:

  • Political mobility of candidates
  • Experience through hierarchy of political offices
  • Complete registration of political parties
  • Full participation by major political parties

9. PROGRAMS OF GOVERNMENT – FORMULATION AND ARTICULATION

FACILITATING FACTORS:

  • Political parties have clear and coherent ideologies, programs of government, and electoral strategies
  • Ethnic identity politics moderated by issue politics
  • Political parties raise adequate financial resources for electoral campaigns
  • Political parties are able to build technical and organizational capacity
  • Political parties coalesce rather than splinter

10. CAMPAIGN RESOURCES – LEVELING THE PLAYING FIELD

FACILITATING FACTORS:

  • Increased community-generated opportunities for educating voters, communicating political party platforms, meeting political candidates
  • Reduction of costs of candidacy
  • Public sharing of electoral campaign expenses
  • Free media for electoral campaign

Q17. Did political parties and candidates contribute to an electoral climate conducive to the maintenance of public order and safety by avoiding, preventing, and campaigning against political violence and speech and actions leading to violence, playing up of ethnic conflict, and irregularities in the elections?

Q18. Did political parties and candidates provide the mass media and think tanks with timely and sufficient information about their programs of government and issues?

Q19. Are the Electoral results reflected in the leadership and organization of the new government?

Q20. Overall, will the new government enhance the country’s security, democracy, and development?

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